Where will the Iran nuclear agreement go after the seven rounds of talks? | News

Tehran, Iran – All signatories to the nuclear agreement signed by Iran and the world’s major powers in 2015 expressed that they hope to restore the agreement because there is no viable alternative, but there is still a big definition of a “good agreement” between Iran and the West to achieve this goal Disagreement.

this Seventh round of talks It ends in Vienna on Friday, just to better expose the differences between the parties in the method of restoring the Joint Comprehensive Action Plan (JCPOA).

Although the Iranian delegation has expressed its right and willingness to stay in the Austrian capital to resume talks when necessary, the European delegation called for a brief suspension to return to the capital for consultations.

The delegates are expected to return to Vienna’s Coburg Palace for the eighth round later next week.

Iran submitted two documents to the JCPOA Joint Committee on Thursday, which also includes negotiators from China, France, Germany, Russia and the United Kingdom. The Europeans then relayed these documents to the United States, and the United States was indirectly involved because it unilaterally abandoned the agreement in 2018 and reimposed sanctions on Iran.

These documents detail Iran’s proposals on how to lift sanctions and curtail the country’s nuclear development. The country has previously stated that it hopes to immediately remove all sanctions imposed since 2018, while the United States only hopes to remove sanctions that are “inconsistent” with the JCPOA and retain the name of human rights or “terrorism”.

The third document is also ready to be handed over as soon as possible, which details Iran’s request to ensure that the United States will not abandon the agreement again and verify the lifting of sanctions.

Opposing remarks

Europeans are frustrated because they say that these documents represent Iran’s extremist stance and backed down on many of the issues that the former President Hassan Rouhani’s government had agreed on in the text drafted at the end of the sixth round of talks. . June.The new government under President Ibrahim Raisy Take office In Tehran in August.

A statement by a senior European diplomat stated that some of the changes requested by Iran in the document were inconsistent with the 2015 agreement and stated that “it is not clear how to bridge these new gaps within a realistic time frame”.

U.S. Secretary of State Anthony Brinken also said on Friday that Iran “seems not taking the necessary measures seriously” to restore the JCPOA and promised not to allow Iran to delay negotiations while its nuclear program advances.

In response to the European statement, Russia’s chief negotiator, Mikhail Ulyanov, said that “disappointment seems premature” because there is still the possibility of change.

After the meeting, Iran’s chief negotiator and deputy foreign minister Ali Bagheri Kani confirmed to reporters that Europeans were not satisfied with Iran’s proposal.

“They told us that these proposals were inconsistent with our views, and I told them it was natural; we would not provide suggestions that conform to your views, we will say things that conform to our own views and interests,” he said.

“It is important that these proposals are based on principles accepted by other parties,” Bagheri said, adding that the other party did not question the legality or relevance of Iran’s proposals.

Earlier Friday, Bagrie Tell Al Jazeera Iran’s proposals “cannot be rejected at all because they are based on the provisions of the 2015 nuclear agreement”.

Advance the nuclear program

As the Vienna talks proceeded, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) announced in a report that Iran had begun to enrich uranium to a purity of 20% in the Faldo underground facility.

The country’s “breakthrough time”—showing how long it would take if it chooses to develop nuclear weapons—has fallen to about a month, and it is declining rapidly.

However, Iran has always insisted that it will never seek an atomic bomb and that its nuclear program is completely peaceful. The IAEA has confirmed that Iran currently does not carry out the 90% enrichment required for the atomic bomb.

However, in an interview on Friday, IAEA Director General Rafael Grossi warned that if Iran wants to avoid further problems, it must allow its inspectors “unrestricted access.”

In recent months, Iran and the global nuclear regulator have diverged on several outstanding issues.Grossi’s Visit Tehran No agreement or joint statement was reached a week before the Vienna talks, but the two sides agreed to maintain dialogue.

Grossi also met with the chief negotiators of Iran and the United States in Vienna and emphasized the agency’s “indispensable verification role.”

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