U.S. urges the UN Security Council to urge Myanmar to restore democracy

United Nations (Associated Press)-A senior US diplomat on Thursday urged the UN Security Council to put pressure on the Myanmar military to stop violence and restore democracy, and warned that with the COVID-19 surge and the number of hungry people “The longer we procrastinate, the more people will die.”

US Deputy Ambassador Jeffrey DeLaurentis stated that Myanmar is “affected by the surge in COVID-19 cases” and is facing a “rapidly evolving health disaster”, which is “since the coup d’état six months ago. The direct result of military brutality and administrative failure. He said the subsequent violence and military repression also displaced hundreds of thousands of people, and as many as 2.8 million people may face food shortages.

Two days ago, the UN Special Investigator for Human Rights in Myanmar, Tom Andrews, called on the Security Council and the 193 UN member states to promote an emergency “new crown pneumonia ceasefire” coronavirus infection and death in the event of an explosion.

Andrews warned: “If the United Nations does not take action, too many people in Myanmar will die unnecessarily, and too many people will die.” “The United Nations must act immediately to stop the military government’s attacks during the COVID-19 crisis. Harassment and detention… so that doctors and nurses can provide life-saving care, and international organizations can help provide vaccinations and related medical care.”

De Laurentiis stated at the informal committee meeting that the Myanmar military has indicated that it does not intend to fulfill its commitments made at the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) summit in April. Myanmar, formerly known as Myanmar, belongs to a regional group of 10 members.

“Then what are we waiting for?” DeLaurentis asked the board members. “The Security Council failed to fulfill our collective responsibility to maintain international peace and security. This disappointed the people of Myanmar. We must do more, and we must do more now.”

At the ASEAN summit, the leaders issued a five-point action plan, calling for an end to violence, constructive dialogue, the appointment of an ASEAN envoy as a mediator, humanitarian assistance and a mediator visit to Myanmar.

But one day after attending the summit, General Min Aung Lai, the leader of the Myanmar military government, said that when the situation in Myanmar is stable, he will consider these five points. According to reports, he told Chinese television in May that he did not see these five points. . Point can be implemented.

Gum San Nsang of the Kachin Political Interim Coordinating Group, which advocates the rights of the Kachin people in northern Myanmar, said in a virtual briefing to the Security Council, “Although we think the ASEAN five-point consensus is a big step forward, the current health crisis Strong action is needed immediately.”

Ensan called on United Nations Secretary-General Antonio Guterres to urgently convene meetings with major parties such as ASEAN and China to send teams to the community to manage the coronavirus vaccine and provide humanitarian assistance.

He called on the Security Council to implement arms embargoes and no-fly zones along the borders between Myanmar and China, India and Thailand, impose sanctions on senior military leaders and state-owned enterprises, and submit Myanmar to the International Criminal Court for prosecution. On suspicion of aggression against civilians.

Opponents of the military have been seeking alliances with ethnic minorities to strengthen their resistance.Over the past few decades, at least 20 ethnic minorities, including Kachins who are mainly Christians, have engaged in intermittent armed struggles for greater autonomy.

Nsang said that despite pain and suffering, disease and disease, hardship and fear, “we can see light at the end of the tunnel.”

“We saw that the coup on February 1 put the country on the fast lane of national unity and national cohesion,” he said. “The unity within and between ethnic and religious communities has reached a sobering height. In Kachin State, the tensions we witnessed between tribes until the coup d’état are now almost non-existent.”

Susanna Hla Hla Soe, the Minister of Women’s Affairs of the National Unity Government established by the deposed legislator, said in a virtual briefing that food is becoming scarcer and “the economy is collapsing, and the health system is collapsing due to the spread of COVID-19. It’s like wildfires across the country.”

Soe called the military government’s report of 6,000 positive coronavirus cases and 400 COVID-19 deaths “just the tip of the iceberg”, citing the lack of a data collection system.

“There is also more and more evidence that the military committee deliberately targeted medical personnel,” she said, adding that more than 250 attacks on frontline workers and medical personnel have been recorded this year.

United Nations Human Rights Watch director Louis Chabono criticized the Security Council for not starting negotiations on a resolution to resolve the crisis in Myanmar.

“The General Assembly has called for an arms embargo on Myanmar,” he said. “The Security Council should urgently follow up and impose a global arms embargo on Myanmar, impose targeted sanctions on military leaders and affiliated companies, and prohibit the military government from receiving natural gas revenue.”

Unlike Security Council resolutions, General Assembly resolutions are not legally binding. The General Assembly voted 119 to 1, with 36 abstentions, reflecting the difficulty in reaching an agreement on the Council’s resolutions. Countries that abstained include China and Russia, which are among the five members of the Security Council with veto power.

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