A few days after the military and the prime minister signed a new power-sharing agreement, thousands of people resumed protests in Sudan.
Thousands of Sudanese took to the streets of the capital Khartoum, reiterating their demands for the civilian government and condemning the country’s military ruler who led the coup last month.
Thursday’s protests occurred days after the military signed a new power-sharing agreement with the prime minister, after he lifted house arrest and restored his head of government.
After the generals planned the takeover of Prime Minister Abdalla Hamdok and detained dozens of politicians and activists, the deal was concluded nearly a month.
Hamdock’s reinstatement is the biggest concession the military has made since the October 25 coup, but it put the country’s transition to democracy into crisis.
The main democratic groups and political parties in Sudan have rejected the agreement, believing that the agreement does not meet their requirements for full civil rule.
Since the military ousted long-time leader Omar al-Bashir in 2019, Sudan has struggled to transition to a democratic government after a 30-year uprising in his rule.
Since the coup last month, protesters have repeatedly taken to the streets to stage the largest demonstrations since the end of Bashir’s rule. According to militant groups, Sudanese security forces have killed more than 40 demonstrators.
The protesters demonstrated again on Thursday, marching in Khartoum, beating drums and waving the Sudanese flag. Many people chanted: “The people want to overthrow the regime” and “Woe to the army!”
In Al Daim, the working-class district of the capital, protesters called for justice for the “martyrs” who lost their lives in earlier demonstrations.
“The revolution is the people’s revolution. The army returns to the barracks!” the protesters chanted.
Live broadcasts on social media also showed protests in the cities of Port Sudan, Kassala, Wad Madani and Geneina.
The Sudan Professionals Association was the organization that led the uprising, which eventually led to Bashir’s dismissal. The organization called for a rally and promised to continue protests until “the corrupt military government is overthrown and prosecuted for their crimes.”
The agreement that Hamdock signed with the military on Sunday envisages an independent technocratic cabinet, led by the prime minister, until new elections are held. However, the government will remain under military supervision. Hamdok said he will have the power to appoint ministers.
The agreement angered the democratic movement in Sudan, which accused Hamdok of allowing himself to act as a fig leaf for continued military rule.
Although Hamdok’s reinstatement is a concession from the military leader Burhan, the major political parties and civil organizations have stated that the military should not play any role in politics.
The agreement also provides for the release of all political prisoners arrested after the October 25 coup. So far, several ministers and politicians have been released. The number of people still detained is still unknown.
On Wednesday, Hamdok told a local Sudanese TV channel that unless everyone is released, “the deal will be worthless.”
Hiba Morgan, reported by Al Jazeera from Khartoum, said that the protesters were demonstrating to commemorate those killed in the suppression by the security forces, while also “expressing their anger at the Prime Minister’s betrayal of the talks” and signed an agreement with the military. .
“Since the takeover, people have been asking the military to completely separate from national politics, transfer power to a complete civilian government, restore the position of Prime Minister Abdullah Hamdok, and release all political prisoners, but they have not participated in the country. Daily affairs,” Morgan said.
“According to the agreement…Political prisoners should be released. So far, only five people have been released and dozens of others are still in detention. People say they don’t believe the military will abide by the agreement, especially because they say the Alliance for Freedom and Change The constitutional declaration signed between the two-the civilian alliance-and the military has been marginalized.”