Diplomats from all over the world met in Geneva this week to agree on how to manage autonomous weapons systems, and many called for a complete ban on the technology.A country is Especially opposed to these agreements: the United States.
In the meeting, first of all Report Courtesy of The Guardian, U.S. official Josh Dorosin Disagree with the call for a binding legal instrument to restrict the use of autonomous weapons, but insist on a more voluntary effort.
“In our view, the best way to make progress,” Dorosin said, “is through the establishment of a non-binding code of conduct.” By opposing the ban, the United States joined Russia, China, and India, and these countries are all right. The idea of a “killer robot” ban was scoffed.
These proposed bans will apply to lethal An autonomous weapon system that can perceive its own environment and make decisions may cause death, notes Financial Times. The exact form factors of these systems may vary, and may include ground-based drones or aircraft. These standards obviously do not include the types of drones that the United States and other militaries have often used in combat, because these systems still require human operators to make the final decision.More self-sufficient autonomous systems will certainly emerge developed although.
U.S. government The hesitation of banning autonomous weapons is in stark contrast with the growing number of activists and countries.So far, at least 30 countries have expressed support for the prohibition of autonomous weapon systems according to Washington post. Costa Rica New Zealand added their names to the list this week, and the latter’s minister in charge of arms control stated that the military deployment of such technologies was “abhorrent and inconsistent with the country’s values”.
Human rights organizations from all over the world also expressed support for the ban, including Human Rights Watch, which stated that the government needs to put humanity above automation. “Why do we let’killer robots’ decide when to use force?” The organization Ask“Without meaningful human control,’killer robots’ would pose a serious threat.”
The call to ban autonomous weapons even got the support of UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres, who issued a copy last year statement Said that international law should prohibit synchronization systems.
not only United NationsInterested in In the limit Autonomous weapons, but It is also actively recommended to move in the opposite direction.A few years ago, the United States was established Artificial Intelligence National Security Council, Its ultimate goal is to collect intelligence and provide important reports to the President and Congress, and propose solutions to advance artificial intelligence in national defense.The committee is led by former Google CEO Eric Schmidt Including other technology giants, such as Amazon’s Andy Jassy and Microsoft’s Eric Horwitz as commissioners.
In short, the group’s 2021 report It clearly opposes the ban on autonomous weapons, but urges increased investment in military artificial intelligence to maintain its advantage over China and Russia.
“As these authoritarian countries adopt new artificial intelligence technologies Military systems, we worry that they will not be subject to the same rigorous tests and ethical guidelines that guide the U.S. military,” the report reads.
The author goes on to say that considering that operators will be forced to make more and more complex decisions in future battles, autonomous weapon systems may be inevitable.
The report reads: “The best human operators cannot resist the possibility that multiple machines may move at hypersonic speeds per second and are coordinated by artificial intelligence to perform thousands of operations.” “Humans cannot be everywhere at the same time, but software can.”
Therefore, even if there is increasing pressure to ban autonomous systems worldwide, the United States seems ready to use the argument “but if we don’t do it, China will do it” for the foreseeable future.