The United Nations only updated the anti-piracy ships in the Somalia waters for three months

The United Nations (Associated Press)-The UN Security Council unanimously approved on Friday to allow the international naval forces to continue to use all necessary means to combat piracy off the coast of Somalia-but only for the next three months, because the Somali government said there was no piracy. The incident occurred more than four years ago, and it was time to end the operation.

The commission has been extending the authorization of regional organizations and countries to combat piracy and armed robbery off the coast of the Horn of Africa countries for a period of 12 months. But this year, the Somali government, which requires consent, opposed the United States, which drafted the resolution, seeking to extend the resolution for another year, and only three months after negotiations with the United States and other members of the Security Council agreed.

“We believe that the Security Council’s resolution on piracy and armed robbery off the coast of Somalia has successfully achieved its expected goals,” Somalia’s UN Ambassador Abucar Dahir Osman told the Council after the vote.

He said that 13 years after the Security Council passed the first resolution on combating piracy, “the milestones of a single piracy incident and a hostage incident that have not occurred in Somalia for four consecutive years have truly proved the ownership of the problem by the Somali federal government. In addition, thank us for working with us. The hard work of international partners.”

Osman said that Somalia agreed to extend the mandate for three months to transition to bilateral arrangements in Somalia’s national waters, “to help us achieve maritime security. This is the only sustainable way to maintain hard-won results.”

The Security Council resolution welcomed the steady decline in ship hijacking off the coast of Somalia since 2011, and reports of no successful hijacking of ransoms since March 2017. Citing the reports of the United Nations Secretary-General Antonio Guterres and the Contact Group on Piracy off the coast of Somalia, these reports continue to state that piracy has been “suppressed but not eradicated.”

The resolution commended the European Union Navy’s operations in Somalia in December 2008, as well as the African Union’s land-based anti-piracy activities in Somalia, as well as other naval efforts in the region such as China, India, and Japan. , South Korea and Russia.

Thirty years of chaos—from warlords to Al-Qaeda’s Al-Shabaab to the emergence of organizations associated with the Islamic State—has torn Somalia, which has only begun to try to rebuild and find a foothold in the past few years. Since the scheduled election on February 8th failed to take place, President Mohammed Abdullah Mohammed has been under increasing pressure to hold elections.

While noting the improvement in the situation in Somalia, the Security Council stated that it also “recognizes that piracy has contributed to more crime, corruption and terrorism by introducing large amounts of illegal cash, thereby exacerbating Somalia’s instability.”

After the meeting, when asked what would happen to the naval operations after the three-month term of the Security Council, the current Security Council Chairman and UN ambassador of Niger, Abdul Abari, told the Associated Press: “We will continue to negotiate, and we will wait for Somalia. The result of negotiations with the African Union.”

French political coordinator Sheraz Gasri told the Security Council that three months were too short to allow the European Union and other countries to continue naval operations “under appropriate conditions.”

“There is a risk of a security vacuum, which is disastrous for Somalia and the entire region,” she warned. “In fact, this operation is not limited to restricting piracy. It also prevents Al-Shabaab’s arms and arms trafficking, as well as the safety of ships that provide food and humanitarian assistance to Somalia.”

Gasri said that France will continue to listen to the views of the Somali authorities and “note their willingness to coordinate the fight against piracy.” She said that in return, France asked Somalia to recognize that this evolution requires “joint efforts” and that maritime security cannot be separated from the country’s overall security transition.

Ireland’s ambassador to the United Nations, Geraldine Byrne Nason, responded to France’s concerns about threats to EU actions, which she said was “critical”.

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