Testicular cancer: symptoms, examination and treatment

Globally, testicular cancer is the most common cancer among young men, which is why November, or in this case,move,“This is the best time to learn about the signs and symptoms of testicular cancer and when to talk to your doctor.

Testicular cancer occurs when cancer cells grow in one or both testicles. These cells begin to change and grow uncontrollably, forming masses or tumors. This is almost always the first sign of testicular cancer.

Although rare, but approximately 9,000 According to data from the American Cancer Society, every year in the United States, men are diagnosed with testicular cancer, and through simple early detection such as self-examination, the treatment is more effective and less invasive than cancer detected in the late stage.

The better news is: if detected and treated early, the cure rate of testicular cancer is as high as 99%, and the cure rate is more than 95%. This is why knowledge (and regular exams) is so important to your health!

Here is how to detect the warning signs of testicular cancer and catch it before it gets out of control!

Testicular cancer invades young people

Even with young people by your side, this type of cancer will give rise to ugly heads in the first few years of a person’s life. If you find a lump, the last thing you should do is brush it off, because you are still young. (Yes, even if you exercise and eat clean).

“Testicular cancer is most common in young men between the ages of 20 and 40, and the average age at diagnosis is 33,” said the Dallas-based company Dr James Kelly, DO, a urologist, at the Texas Urology Center. “It is actually the most common malignant tumor in men of this age, but it is important to remember that it can still occur in men of any age.” This is why it is important to conduct self-examinations as early as adolescence. reason.

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Symptoms of testicular cancer and how self-examination can save your life

Mark your calendar for monthly male checks for any suspicious changes. “The most common sign of testicular cancer is a painless lump in the testicle.” Dr. Kelly explained. He continued, “Other possible signs and symptoms may include new swelling of the testicles, a feeling of “weight” in the testicles, and very little testicular pain or dull pain.”

Any changes in size, shape, or texture need to be checked; you may not be able to feel the lump itself, but it can make your testicles very firm.

A monthly self-examination is essential for early detection. “I usually recommend performing a self-examination once a month, preferably after the shower, when the skin on the scrotum is more relaxed and the testicles are easier to feel,” said Dr. Kelly.

Once you discover any new discoveries that feel different, it is very important to bring any new discoveries to your doctor or healthcare provider immediately. “If your doctor suspects that there is a mass in the testicles, they will usually perform a testicular ultrasound, check blood tests for tumor markers, and refer you to a urologist, a surgeon who treats testicular cancer,” he added road.

Of course, not all abnormalities in your testicles point to cancer, but it is safer to make an appointment with your doctor immediately than sorry.

Don’t be embarrassed to talk to your doctor

If you have any changes in your testicles, or you just have questions about male health, please don’t avoid talking to your doctor.

“Although asking your healthcare provider a question (when it comes to your testicles) can sometimes be embarrassing, know that it can save your life and you don’t need to worry about anything,” Kelly assured. Your doctor will answer any questions you have and take all necessary appropriate steps if the testicle changes.

Risk factors for testicular cancer

Even a clean diet and strict exercise regimen may not prevent testicular cancer. In fact, several factors are known to increase the risk of testicular cancer. “A personal or family history of testicular cancer (for example, your brother or father), a history of incomplete testicular decline at birth (“undescended testis”), or a history of abnormal testicular cells in a male testis is called an in situ germ cell tumor (GCNIS),” Kelly said. However, even if you do not fall into any of these categories and your testicles have changed, you should always be checked.

Surgeons perform orchiectomy on patients with testicular cancer
Olga Guryanova’s photo on Unsplash

Diagnosis and treatment

During the monthly check-up, if one or two testicular abnormalities are detected, after meeting with your doctor, they will refer you to the urologist, who will then order the appropriate blood test and scan to determine Whether the lumps are present. cancer.

If it is testicular cancer, it is usually treated first by surgical removal of the tumor. “After the operation, the doctor can examine the tissue to understand the exact type of cancer, if it has spread anywhere, and how aggressive it is,” Kelly said. Depending on the stage of the cancer, your urologist will usually work with a team of other cancer experts to help determine the best plan for you.

“The good news for all of this is that after receiving treatment for testicular cancer, the cure rate is very good (over 95%!),” he said. Once again, another reason to be proactive! “The chance of cancer recurrence is very low, and the chance of dying from testicular cancer is even lower; in general, testicular cancer is curable, especially when it is detected early!” Kelly said.

Refer to this to fight testicular cancer:

  • Check the testicles once a month, preferably during or after the shower.
  • If you notice lumps or changes in your testicles, call your doctor immediately.
  • Don’t panic, be proactive. If you have been checking your testicles regularly and suddenly feel changes, if it is cancer, then the possibility of rapid treatment and survival is by your side.

If you have been diagnosed or are already on the path of testicular cancer, it is very important to seek support during this period.You are not alone – there are support groups and communities, such as Nuts and bolts Who is there to encourage and provide you with tools to treat testicular cancer!

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