Sheikh Mohamed bin Zayed Al Nahyan becomes UAE President

dubai, United Arab Emirates — ruler United Arab Emirates unanimous appointment saturday Abu DhabiSheikh Mohamed bin Zayed Al Nahyan’s presidency as president of the autocratic nation marks unity and stability in this vital energy-rich nation with a Western military.

Sheikh Mohammed, 61, was killed by his half-brother and United Arab EmiratesPresident Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan, 73. The handover of power marks the third time the seven emirates have chosen a president since the seven emirates became an independent nation in 1971.

Under Sheikh Mohammed, who has been the country’s de facto leader since Sheikh Khalifa suffered a stroke in 2014, United Arab Emirates Has attempted to project military power over the wider region when joining the Saudi-led war in Yemen.

But since the lockdown of the coronavirus pandemic, Sheikh Mohammed and the wider United Arab Emirates Attempts to recalibrate its approach by largely withdrawing from the war and seeking diplomatic de-escalation with rivals.this United Arab Emirates It also recognizes Israel diplomatically, as Sheikh Mohammed has long suspected of Iran. In recent years, however, relations with the United States have become strained.

State-run WAM news agency describes the vote at Al-Mushrif Palace Abu Dhabi Unanimous as the ruler of the country’s hereditary emirate, which includes the skyscraper-filled city of Dubai.

“We congratulate him, we pledge our allegiance to him, our people pledge allegiance to him,” Dubai ruler Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum said on Twitter after the vote. “The whole nation is on his way to glory and glory, God bless.”

Only one president has died before Friday in the country’s history, and after his death in 2004, Sheikh Khalifa succeeded him and Sheikh Mohammed’s father, Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al. Nahyan. The main highway connecting the UAE, whose faces appear across the country, are widely regarded as the country’s founding fathers.

this United Arab Emirates In general, we will have a three-day mourning period when businesses across the country will close and performances for Sheikh Khalifa will cease. Electronic billboards showed images of the late sheikh in Dubai as the flag flew at half-staff on Friday night. A wider 40-day mourning period will extend beyond that.

Sheikh Mohammed has been United Arab EmiratesHis de facto president has seen Sheikh Khalifa disappear from public view since a stroke in 2014.

Known by the acronym MbZ, Sheikh Mohammed forged ties with the West, which proved to be Abu Dhabicapital United Arab Emirates The company has a wealth fund in the tens of billions of dollars from its oil and gas reserves. A U.S. diplomatic cable published by WikiLeaks in 2004 described him as “charismatic, shrewd and very comfortable in the West”. In 2008, he hosted then-President George W. Bush at his desert estate, a visit that included a Bedouin tent and falcons.

The country is home to about 3,500 U.S. troops, many of them located in Abu DhabiThe Al-Dhafra Air Base, from where drones and fighter jets are on missions to fight the Islamic State group in Iraq and Syria. Dubai is also the busiest overseas port of call for the US Navy. France and South Korea also maintain a military presence here.

Sheikh Mohammed was trained as a helicopter pilot at the British Military Academy in Sandhurst.His military-first approach saw United Arab Emirates Join Saudi Arabia in its bloody, years-long war in Yemen, which is still raging today. Sheikh Mohammed has close ties to neighboring Saudi Arabia’s own upstart Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman. However, the UAE has largely withdrawn its troops from Yemen.

Sheikh Mohammed, who has also long been skeptical of the Muslim Brotherhood and Iran, may have organized a campaign against Iranian Islamists United Arab Emirates After the Arab Spring in 2011, and urged the West to take a tougher stance against Tehran over concerns about Tehran’s nuclear program and its support for paramilitaries across the region.this United Arab EmiratesThe recognition of Israel in 2020, while opening up new trade and tourism, also acts as a hedge against dealing with Iran.

However, since the coronavirus pandemic, United Arab Emirates Under Sheikh Mohammed, he has sought to restore relations with Iran and Turkey, which support Islamists in the region.four Arab countries, including United Arab Emirates Also dropped a boycott of Qatar amid a diplomatic spat over Qatar’s support for Islamists, although relations between the two countries remain icy Abu Dhabi and Doha.

“The smooth transition of power in the UAE reflects the sobriety of institutional work and the advanced level of governance mechanisms and their stability,” said Anwar Gargash, a senior UAE diplomat.

But in recent years, tensions have emerged between Sheikh Mohammed and the United States, which has long been the guarantor of broader Persian Gulf security. Then-President Barack Obama and world powers struck a nuclear deal with Iran in 2015, which left the UAE in limbo. The chaotic U.S. troop withdrawal from Afghanistan in 2021 under President Joe Biden has fueled fears of a U.S. troop withdrawal from the region.

Sheikh Mohammed found himself embroiled in Special Counsel Robert Mueller’s report on then-President Donald Trump and Russian interference in the US 2016 election. The chairman of Trump’s 2017 inaugural committee has been arrested in 2021 on charges of secretly conspiring to influence U.S. policy for the benefit of the United States. United Arab Emirates.

US plans to sell advanced F-35 fighter jets to US United Arab Emirates It also appears to have stalled in part due to U.S. concerns over the UAE’s relationship with China. Simultaneously, United Arab Emirates Russia has been careful not to alienate Russia as Moscow waged war on Ukraine.

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