Secretary-General of the United Nations visits Colombia before the anniversary of the Peace Agreement of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia | UN News

United Nations Secretary-General António Guterres is visiting Colombia because the South American country is preparing to commemorate the fifth anniversary of the peace agreement between the government and the country that was once the country. The largest armed insurgent group.

On Tuesday, accompanied by Colombian President Ivan Duque, Guterres visited Gliano Grande, the center of the reintegration of former members of the Colombian Communist Party. Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) Marxist rebel groups.

Signed by the Colombian government and members of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia 2016 peace agreement Ended nearly 6 years of armed conflict, which resulted in the displacement of millions of people and the death of more than 260,000 people.

The fifth anniversary of the signing of the agreement-about 13,000 FARC soldiers laid down their arms and pledged to live civilian life-will take place on Wednesday.

In a tweet about his visit to Lannogrande, Guterres said: “Every day, they reaffirm their commitment to building a peaceful country and addressing the remaining challenges.” “They know that peace will not go from day to day. Building peace Maintenance requires effort.”

The Secretary-General of the United Nations also condemned the “enemies of peace” and called for “protection of ex-combatants, social leaders and Human rights defenders“In Colombia. He said: “We must redouble our efforts to ensure the sustainability of the (reintegration) project through technical and financial support, land and housing. “

Despite the agreement reached in 2016, The violence continues In several places in Colombia, the FARC dissidents who rejected the peace agreement still hold weapons, and elsewhere Armed group And drug trafficking.

International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) Said In March last year, 389 people died from explosive devices in Colombia, the highest number since 2016 as the country’s armed conflict worsened. The ICRC stated that most of the victims were civilians.

Nearly 300 former members of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia Also killed According to local advocacy organization Indepaz, since the agreement was signed, it has been nationwide.

On Tuesday, Guterres met with the former FARC commander Rodrigo London, Who said that Duke’s existence is a source of “encouragement”.

Despite “many obstacles…even though we have killed nearly 300 members, we are still committed to the road five years ago,” said London, whose predecessor’s codename Timochenko frequently mentioned him.

“We will respect our commitment to Colombia and the world,” he said.

United Nations Said Guterres also talked to Fredy Gustavo Dimate, another former FARC fighter, who has been a member of the organization for 20 years, but since Since the peace agreement has been training and working in coffee production.

At the same time, Reuters reported that, citing two people familiar with the matter, that also on Tuesday, the administration of US President Joe Biden was preparing to remove the FARC from its list of foreign “terrorist organizations”.

According to Reuters, the US State Department has notified Congress of its plan, which is expected to be announced in the next few days.

Removal of the name “terrorism” may help release U.S. aid to projects involving former members of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia and support the entire agreement by further demonstrating U.S. support.

State Department spokesperson Ned Price said in the daily briefing: “We have begun consultations with Congress on the actions we are taking regarding the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia.”

Price declined to specify whether this meant removing the FARC from the blacklist, but said that the Biden administration is committed to “implementing and maintaining” the Colombian peace agreement.

The Colombian government is one of Washington’s closest allies in Latin America, but did not immediately respond to Reuters’ request for comment.

The United States first designated FARC as a “terrorist” organization in October 1997.

After the organization was demobilized, members of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia entered politics and initially called themselves the Revolutionary Alternative Common Force, retaining the abbreviation of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia.They later renamed Common After the signing of the peace agreement, the party’s leadership won 10 parliamentary seats.

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