Russia and China block UN statement on Myanmar crisis

UNITED NATIONS (AP) — China and Russia blocked a U.N. Security Council statement on Friday about the violence and dire humanitarian situation in Myanmar and “limited progress” in implementing a regional plan to restore peace in the conflict-torn southeast Concerned about the Asian country, the diplomat said Friday night.

On Friday afternoon, Cambodian Foreign Minister Basok Khoon, the Special Envoy for Myanmar of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations and the UN Special Envoy for Myanmar, Noeleen Heyzer, briefed the Security Council virtually behind closed doors on the resolution since February 2. efforts in the country’s crisis. 1. Military coup in 2021.

When the army overthrew Aung San Suu Kyi’s elected government, it claimed there was no evidence her party’s landslide victory in November 2020 was marred by widespread fraud. The coup almost immediately sparked widespread street protests that security forces tried to suppress, while continued widespread resistance to the military takeover led some UN experts to describe it as a civil war challenging the military’s ability to govern.

The proposed U.K.-drafted press statement obtained by The Associated Press underscores ASEAN’s central role “in promoting the peaceful resolution of crises” and reiterated the council members’ call for dialogue “with all parties concerned” in the interests of ASEAN. Burmese.

“However, they expressed concern about the limited progress one year after the five-point consensus was reached, and called for concrete actions to effectively and fully implement the consensus,” the proposed statement said.

The Security Council diplomat, who spoke on the condition of anonymity because the talks are taking place in private, said China and Russia opposed parts of the text.

China’s mission to the United Nations said it recommended “slow” progress rather than “limited” progress on the five-point consensus, saying in a statement that the wording was “in line with the facts, but not so condescending”.

China said it had made other unacceptable formulations, while the “penholder” – the UK – “simply abandoned” the negotiations, calling it “very unfortunate” and saying only nuances were “not impossible” to overcome. “

The ASEAN G10 issued a five-point consensus on the Myanmar crisis in late April 2021. It called for an immediate cessation of violence, dialogue between all parties involved, the mediation of the dialogue process by the ASEAN Special Envoy, the provision of humanitarian assistance through ASEAN channels, and a visit by the Special Envoy to Myanmar to meet the parties concerned.

Myanmar is a member of ASEAN but has been reluctant to implement the plan.

Violence continues, there is no dialogue with the opposition, and while Cambodia’s Sokhonn visited Myanmar in March, he did not see the 11-year prison sentence and more charges her supporters and human rights groups say is an attempt To discredit her and legitimize the military’s seizure of power.

ASEAN officials met earlier this month in the Cambodian capital, Phnom Penh, to organize humanitarian aid for Myanmar, a goal that critics say fails to address the root causes of the crisis in the military-run country.

The proposed Security Council statement would highlight the important role of the UN envoy Heizer and encourage close coordination with the ASEAN envoy.

In the blocked statement, the council would also reiterate the need to address the root causes of the crisis in Myanmar’s northern Rakhine state and create conditions for the return of Rohingya refugees. More than 700,000 Rohingya Muslims have fled from Rakhine state to refugee camps in Bangladesh since August 2017, when the military launched an operation aimed at purging them from the country following attacks by rebel groups.

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