Israel urges a strong stance against Iran in nuclear negotiations

Tel Aviv, Israel (Associated Press)-On Sunday, Israeli Prime Minister Naftali Bennett urged world powers to take a tough stance against Iran in negotiations aimed at resuming the international nuclear agreement, as his senior defense and intelligence officials went to Discussions in Washington broke down.

As the world’s powers sit down, Israel has been paying attention With Iran in Vienna Hope to resume the dilapidated 2015 transaction. With the resumption of negotiations, Iran took a tough stance last week, implying that everything discussed in previous rounds of diplomacy can be renegotiated. Iran’s continued progress in its atomic program has further increased the risk.

The initial agreement, led by then-President Barack Obama, provided Iran with much-needed relief to exempt it from severe economic sanctions in exchange for restrictions on its nuclear activities. But then President Donald Trump withdrew from the agreement in 2018 with strong encouragement from Israel, leading to its rupture.

The talks held in Vienna last week resumed after a suspension of more than five months. This is the first time that Iran’s new tough government has participated.

European and American negotiators expressed disappointment at Iran’s position and questioned the success of the talks.

Israel has long opposed the 2015 nuclear agreement reached with Iran, the JCPOA, saying that the agreement was not sufficient to stop the country’s nuclear program, nor did it resolve what it believed to be Iran’s hostile military activities in the region.

Outstanding voice In Israel, it is a mistake to now show that the U.S. withdrawal, especially the failure to develop a contingency plan for Iran’s evolving nuclear program. But the position of the new Israeli government is similar to that of former Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu-it refuses to restore the original agreement and calls for diplomatic military pressure on Iran.

“I call on every country negotiating with Iran in Vienna to take a hard line and show Iran that they cannot negotiate while enriching uranium,” Bennett told the Cabinet on Sunday. “Iran must start paying for its violations.”

After the agreement broke down, Iran intensified its nuclear activities. Iran has now enriched a small amount of uranium to a purity of 60%-only a few steps away from a weapon-grade level of 90%. Iran also produces advanced centrifuges prohibited by the agreement, and its uranium stocks now far exceed the agreement’s limits.

Currently, Iran shows no signs of concession. Its chief negotiator and deputy foreign minister Ali Bagheri Kani said over the weekend that Iran plans to provide its peers with a third list of requirements. These will include compensation filed after the two-page request was filed last week.

“Any sanctions for violations and non-compliance (transactions) should be lifted immediately,” Bagerikani told Al Jazeera. “All sanctions imposed or re-implemented under the so-called maximum pressure movement in the United States should be immediately lifted.”

Although Iran’s new tough president, Ebrahim Raisi, campaigned to lift the sanctions, there is a feeling that his negotiators are now launching their own maximum pressure campaign.

Last week, the UN nuclear watchdog confirmed that Iran has begun to enrich uranium with a purity of up to 20% in its underground facility in Fordo-the transaction prohibits any enrichment at that location.

Last weekend, Iran said it had tested a surface-to-air missile defense system near its Natanz nuclear facility. Late on Saturday, people leaving the neighborhood saw a bright light in the sky and heard a loud noise.

“Any threat from the enemy will receive a decisive and firm response,” the national television station quoted the army lieutenant as saying. Ali Moazeni said.

President Joe Biden has stated that the United States is willing to rejoin the agreement, but because of Washington’s withdrawal, the United States is not a direct participant in the latest round of negotiations. Instead, American negotiators were in nearby locations and listened to briefings from other participants—including three major European countries, China and Russia.

Although Israel is not a party to the negotiations, it has clearly maintained communication with the United States and European allies during the talks scheduled to resume this week.

Israeli spy chief David Barnea went to Washington on Saturday night for an unannounced visit. Defense Secretary Benny Gantz left on Wednesday to meet with his American counterpart Lloyd Austin and Secretary of State Anthony Brinken. Foreign Minister Yail Rapide discussed talks with Israel’s European allies in London and Paris last week.

Bennett said Israel is using the time between the two rounds to persuade the Americans to “use a different toolkit” against Iran’s nuclear program, but did not elaborate. It is widely believed that Israel and the United States conducted covert operations against Iran’s nuclear personnel and infrastructure to undermine the plan.

The current Israeli government opposes the resumption of the 2015 agreement. Instead, it urges an agreement to address Iran’s other military actions, such as its missile program and support for anti-Israel militant groups such as Hezbollah in Lebanon. Israel also supports a “credible” military threat to Iran as a bargaining chip.

A senior State Department official said that negotiators hope Iran will “show seriousness” in the talks. He said that even though Russia and China, Iran’s important trade channels, have traditionally taken a more moderate stance on relations with the country, last week they were worried about the prospect of reaching an agreement.

The official, who asked not to be named, briefed reporters on the situation in the United States. He said: “Every day passes, we are close to reaching the conclusion that they do not intend to resume JCPOA in the short term.” Evaluation. He said that Iran may use the talks as a cover to continue building its nuclear program, which it can then use as leverage.

European negotiators also expressed disappointment with the Iranians. Senior diplomats from Germany, the United Kingdom and France stated that Iran is “promoting its nuclear program quickly” and “regressing in diplomatic progress.”

They said: “It is not clear how to close these new gaps within a realistic time frame based on the Iranian draft.”

Iran insists that its atomic program is peaceful. However, US intelligence agencies and international monitors stated that Iran did not have an organized nuclear weapons program until 2003. Non-proliferation experts worry that any fringe policy may prompt Iran to take more extreme measures in an attempt to force the West to lift sanctions.

___

Associated Press writer Jon Gambrell in Dubai, United Arab Emirates; Nasser Karimi in Tehran, Iran; Ellen Knickmeyer in Washington and Geir Moulson in Berlin contributed reporting to this article.

Source link

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.