One Iranian Nationals living in Montreal Allegedly, due to nuclear non-proliferation reasons, laboratory equipment was exported from the United States to Iran through Canada and the United Arab Emirates (UAE).
Reza Sarhangpour Kafrani, also known as Reza Sarhang, is charged Two counts of violation of the International Emergency Economic Powers Act, one count of conspiracy, one count of failing to submit export information, and six counts of money laundering. indictment From the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia.
Kafrani and the suspected accomplice Seyed Reza Mirnezami jointly own Prolife Global, Ltd., which is headquartered in Canada but is active in the United States and elsewhere.
In November 2015, Kafrani allegedly tried to purchase mass spectrometry equipment from a US company.
“Mass spectrometry describes the nuclear scientific analysis of the isotopic content of chemical samples, particularly the measurement of the concentration of these elements using isotope dilution techniques,” Channing D. Phillips, acting U.S. Attorney for the District of Columbia, wrote in the indictment. “They allow those who enrich uranium to determine the level of enrichment, which is an important part of the effort to enrich uranium for nuclear energy and weaponization.”
Kafrani originally wanted to purchase mass spectrometry equipment and import it into Canada, but asked about the installation cost middle East, Prompting the American company to make a brief response.
“You know that sanctions have been imposed on Iran. I thought the equipment would be shipped to Montreal QB. Thank you for wasting my time,” the American company said in an email to Kafrani.
Since then, Kafrani and Mirnezami applied to the Foreign Assets Control Office of the Ministry of Finance for a license to export laboratory equipment to Iran, but these licenses were rejected twice.
Nevertheless, according to the indictment, Kafrani purchased three mass spectrometers and an autosampler from a second US company in 2016 for $110,739. He shipped the laboratory equipment to Canada and then re-exported it to the UAE through a Canadian shipping company in September 2016. From there, he allegedly arranged to transport it from the UAE to Iran.
A month later, Kafrani allegedly arranged for two other mass spectrometers to be shipped from the United States to Iran via Canada and the UAE.
Conspiracy charges are punishable by up to five years in prison, while violations of the International Emergency Economic Powers Act and money laundering charges are punishable by up to 20 years in prison.