In the battle of Sudan: “Hamdok has lost its streets”

In the early morning of October 25, the security forces Appeared The official residence of Sudan’s Prime Minister Abdullah Hamdok in the capital, Khartoum.

They said “There is a change and you will be under house arrest”, Hamdock recalled In an interview with the “Financial Times”, the military coup derailed Sudan’s democratic transition and sparked global anger.

More than a month later, the moderate-speaking economist resumed his duties through what he called a “feasible agreement” with the military to avoid a “catastrophic situation.”Dozens of people were killed Mass protest Oppose military takeover. But far from quelling the anger over the coup, Hamdock’s deal with the general jeopardized support for technocrats.

Duaa Tariq, co-founder of CivicLab, which promotes civil and political rights, said that although the intensity of protests has weakened since the agreement was signed, “the streets are saying,’No negotiations, no negotiations, no government The army'”. “Hammdock has lost this street. He has lost the historic opportunity to put the people on his side.”

The agreement was signed by Hamdok and Sudan’s supreme general and coup leader Abdul Fatah Burhan on November 21, restoring the civilian staff of the country’s transitional government, allegedly in the July 2023 elections Paved the way. The 14-point plan failed to reach the agreement that put the two in power During the 2019 revolution As part of a mixed government. According to the agreement, the military and civilians will share power after the fall of long-time dictator Omar al-Bashir.

According to the agreement signed by Abdalla Hamdok, the military strengthened its control over Sudan © Andres Schipani/FT

According to the agreement signed by Hamdok, at the time of Sudan’s US$30 billion economic collapse, the military strengthened its control and barred politicians from entering the Sudanese cabinet.The battle for democracy in Sudan-one has Encountered 17 coups Since its independence 1956 ——It is far from over.

But protesters, politicians and activists are opposing the presence of the military in the transitional government.

Hamdok’s former assistant chief of staff, Amjid Farid, said: “Whoever bleeds is a criminal without the legitimacy of rule. Whoever drags the country into violence violates the slogan of a peaceful revolution once put forward.” “Passed. It is impossible for threats and intimidation to build a country, solve problems, or move forward. A country is built on hope, not violence.”

The two key players behind this transaction are Mohamed Hamdan Dagallo, Better known as the Vice President of Sudan and commander of the powerful rapid support force Hemeti and his brother Abdul Rahim Hamdan Dagalo.

Although formally obeyed Burhan, as the military strengthened its control over Sudan’s shaky transition, Hermiti has come to the fore. “I am really happy that I participated in the agreement with others,” he told the Financial Times at the RSF headquarters.

Mohamed Hamdan Dagalo shakes hands with Abdul Fatah Burhan

On November 12, General Abdel Fattah Burhan (left) appointed General Mohamed Hamdan Dagalo (right) as the Vice-Chairman of the Sovereign Council. © Sudanese Presidential Palace/Anadolu Agency/Getty

Thousands of protesters were angry at the coup and took to the streets, echoing the demonstrations that prompted the military to overthrow Bashir in 2019. According to the Sudanese Medical Council, at least 43 people have been killed since the coup.

Hemeti and Burhan claimed that neither the military nor the RSF were responsible for the killing of the protesters, but pointed out some possible factors within the police. Burhan told the Financial Times that “armed” persons associated with certain political parties may be responsible for some street deaths-an accusation that has been completely rejected by Sudanese politicians. Burhan also cited a preliminary investigation by the Attorney General that 10 people were killed instead of dozens.

“Peaceful demonstrations have been protected by the law and the constitution. We are not opposed to it. All security forces-the army, intelligence services, police, RSF-have very strict instructions to protect peaceful protesters and civilians,” Hermiti said.

A young Sudanese girl holding a poster of a murdered protester
A young Sudanese girl holds a poster of a protester killed on November 17 © AFP/Getty

These words made the mother of 27-year-old computer science student Mohammed Abdarhamim feel hollow. She said she was shot in the head by security forces on the day of the coup. “Our son died in the pursuit of a civil government, and this agreement between Hamdok and Burhan did not change anything, so unless we have the civil government for which our son died, we will not Acknowledge this agreement. Those who murdered my son cannot rule my country,” said Amel Abbas.

Part of the reason for the loss of popular support is that Hamdock signed an agreement that forced him to form a government composed of “independent technocrats” rather than politicians. Hemeti proved this by pointing out the dysfunction in the past two years. The Sudanese economy is in crisis, with an inflation rate exceeding 360%.

“In Sudan, for more than two years, political parties have been in conflict. They always compete with each other,” Hemiti said. “During this time, we sat down and made suggestions to encourage them to get together and distribute power to everyone, but they didn’t listen.”

In fact, one of the reasons Hermiti proposed that Hamdok was placed under house arrest was to prevent other politicians from influencing him. “If they were with him, this agreement may not have been realized,” he said.

King Nicholas Aisha
Raja Nicola Eissa is a member of the Sovereign Council of Sudan © Andres Schipani/FT

Raja Nicola Eissa, a Coptic Christian, former judge, and current member of the Sovereignty Committee overseeing the transitional government of Sudan, stated that if “many problems have not been resolved in the past two years, we hope to correct this.” .

However, if the government does not have a political presence, it is not clear how long it can last. Sidik Mohamed Ismail, the vice chairman of the Uma Party, is one of the country’s largest political parties. He said that “politicians should be part of the government”. Even Hamdock expressed doubts about the feasibility of forming a government without politicians. “There is a saying that Sudanese are either poets or politicians-but there are very few poets,” he said.

The map shows the regions with the most coups in sub-Saharan Africa since the 1950s

Suliman Arcua Minnawi, former rebel leader Darfur The person called Minnie also helped the broker in the recent negotiations. He praised the Prime Minister for signing an agreement: “For his country, he accepted the agreement. He is not a politician. He does not need to be strong in front of the people. He just needs to clear the way for Sudan.”

But for many people, this deal is not enough. “Everyone here doesn’t believe this deal. The street won’t accept this deal,” Imad Hashim, a 40-year-old mechanic and protester, pointed to the place where a protester was recently killed. Say. “We will not listen to Hamdok. Hamdok should fight for the people, not for the army. We will continue to protest until we establish a complete civilian government without an army-there will never be again The army is out.”

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