First, the United States has joined the annual list of “regressive” democracies | News

According to the report of the International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance, the “significant deterioration” began in 2019.

The International Democracy and Electoral Assistance NGO stated that the United States was included in the annual list of “regressive” democracies for the first time, and pointed to “significant deterioration” that began in 2019.

The Stockholm-based organization uses 50-year democracy indicators for annual evaluations. It divides approximately 160 countries into three categories: democracies, including “regressive” democracies; “hybrid” governments; and authoritarian regimes.

The report stated that globally, more than a quarter of people live in “regressive” democracies, while two-thirds of the world’s people live in “regressive” democratic, “hybrid” or authoritarian regimes.

The report, entitled “The State of Global Democracy in 2021,” stated: “This year we coded the United States as a retrogression for the first time, but our data shows that the retrogression started at least in 2019.”

“A historic turning point occurred in 2020-21, when former President Donald Trump questioned the legitimacy of the 2020 election results in the United States,” the report said, referring to Activity The former president and his allies overthrew the results of the 2020 U.S. election, which eventually led to Trump’s supporters storming into the U.S. legislature on January 6.

The report also mentioned the growing polarization in the United States, and State voting law “Affecting minorities disproportionately in a negative way.”

According to Agence France-Presse, IDEA Secretary-General Kevin Casas-Zamora (Kevin Casas-Zamora) said in a 2021 report that the “significant deterioration of democracy” in the United States was “one of the most worrying developments”. one”.

He warned that there would be a chain reaction, and pointed out: “The fierce competition in the 2020 general election has no evidence of fraud, and it has been replicated in different ways in different places such as Myanmar, Peru, and Israel.”

Global regression

According to the report, the number of retrogressive democracies in the world has doubled in the past decade.

In addition to “mature democracies” such as the United States, the list also includes EU member states Hungary, Poland and Slovenia.

Two countries on the list last year-Ukraine and North Macedonia-were removed this year after the situation improved.

At the same time, Turkey, Nicaragua, Serbia, Poland, and Brazil were rated as the countries with the worst democratic decline in the past decade.

According to the report, in 2020 there will be 98 democracies, 20 “mixed” governments, including Russia, Morocco, and Turkey, and 47 authoritarian regimes, including China, Saudi Arabia, Ethiopia, and Iran.

The report added that since the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, the trend of democratic erosion has “become more acute and worrying”.

“Some countries, especially Hungary, India, the Philippines and the United States, have [imposed] It amounts to measures that violate democracy—that is, measures that are disproportionate, illegal, indefinite or unrelated to the nature of the emergency,” it said.

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