The governing body of the swimming world has adopted a new policy for transgender athletes and proposed a new “open competition”.
FINA, the world governing body for swimming, has voting restrictions Transgender athletes compete in elite women’s competition while vowing to create a working group to create an “open” category for them.
Transgender rights have become main topic Because sport seeks to balance inclusivity while ensuring that there are no unfair advantages.
“We have to protect the rights of our athletes to compete, but we also have to protect the fairness of competition in our events, especially the women’s division in FINA,” President Hussain Musallam said in his organization FINA. The Federation (Fédération Internationale de Natation, or FINA) speaks at an extraordinary congress of the Federation.
“FINA will always welcome every athlete. The creation of open categories will mean that everyone has the opportunity to compete at an elite level. This has not been done before, so FINA needs to take the lead. I want all athletes to I feel like I can develop ideas in the process.”
The decision, the strictest of any Olympic sports body, was made during the FINA Extraordinary General Assembly after members heard a report from a transgender working group made up of eminent personalities from medicine, law and sport.
The new eligibility policy for FINA competitions stipulates that male-to-female transgender athletes will only be eligible if “they can demonstrate that they have not experienced Tanner Stage 2 (adolescence) or any part of previous male puberty and make FINA feel Satisfied, they are eligible to compete. 12 years old, whichever is later”.
The policy was passed by a majority of about 71 percent after it was presented to the members of the 152 voting national federations gathered at the Puskas Stadium in Budapest, Hungary, for the convention.
“I don’t want any athlete to be told that they cannot compete at the highest level,” Al-Musallam said.
“I’m going to set up a working group to have an open category at our meeting. We’re going to be the first federation to do so.”
The vote came after members heard presentations from three expert groups (athletes, science and medicine, and law and human rights) that have been working together on recommendations from the IOC last November. Work hard to develop policy.
The new FINA policy also opens up eligibility to those who are “completely insensitive to androgens and therefore unable to experience male puberty”.
If swimmers “begin to suppress male puberty before Tanner Stage 2 or 12 years, whichever is later, and maintain serum (or plasma) testosterone levels at 2.5 nmol/L thereafter”.
Female-to-male trans athletes (trans men) are fully eligible to compete in men’s swimming.
Advocates of trans-inclusion argue that not enough research has been done on the impact of transitions on physical performance, and that elite athletes are often physical outliers in any situation.
This Debate intensifies Earlier this year, Penn swimmer Leah Thomas became the first transgender NCAA champion in Division I history after winning the women’s 500-yard (457.2 m) freestyle in the United States.