European Commission takes action against imprisoned philanthropist Osman Kavala against Turkey

The highest human rights institution in Europe initiated disciplinary action against Turkey’s refusal to release imprisoned businessmen and philanthropists, which has dealt a new symbolic blow to President Recep Tayyip Erdogan’s relations with the West.

The European Commission voted with a narrow margin in favor of initiating an “infringement” lawsuit against Ankara. Detention of Osman Kavala, Even after the European Court of Human Rights ordered his release, he was still in prison.

According to diplomats, the infringement process may take at least 18 months and may eventually lead to Turkey’s suspension of voting rights in the European Commission, which is responsible for overseeing the European Court of Human Rights and even expelling it from Turkey’s 47 member institutions. It has been a part of it since 1950.

Amnesty International Europe Director Niels Muznets said the decision sent a “clear” message to Ankara. “Turkey’s failure to ensure the immediate release of Osman Kavala and end his politically motivated prosecution is an unacceptable violation of the country’s human rights obligations,” he said. “After being detained for more than four years on politically motivated charges, he must be allowed to eventually return to his family.

Turkey tried its best to lobbied to block the vote against it and responded angrily to this decision, accusing the European Human Rights Watchdog and its members of adopting a “biased and selective approach” to enforce the judgment of the European Court of Human Rights. It called on the agency to “respect and trust the legal procedures conducted by independent and impartial courts.”

Kavala was imprisoned for four years without any convictions. In recent years, he has become a puppet in Turkey’s total suppression of dissent and erosion of the rule of law.

He is in a center Recent line Erdogan signed a joint statement with 10 Western countries, including the United States, Germany, and France, demanding his release.

Turkish prosecutors accused Kavala of trying to overthrow the government during the protests in 2013 and the attempted coup in 2016-he denied these allegations.

European Court of Human Rights 2019 reign The Turkish authorities failed to provide “facts, information or evidence” to justify the detention of civil society activists in prisons. It called for his immediate release and called the detention “with ulterior motives”. .. That is to silence Mr. Kavala and all human rights defenders”.

Although the vote was held in private, three European officials familiar with the deliberations stated that 35 European Commission members voted for infringement lawsuits against Turkey — barely exceeding the required threshold of 32 votes.

As a sign of disagreement within the EU on this issue, Hungary voted against this move. Officials said Romania abstained, while Poland and Bulgaria did not vote.

This decision makes Turkey the second country to face infringement lawsuits because of the use of mechanisms to enforce judgments of the European Court of Human Rights. The first was against Azerbaijan in 2017, because Azerbaijan refused to implement the order of the European Court of Human Rights to release the imprisoned opposition leader Ilgar Mammadov. Mamadov was later released and acquitted of the charges against him.

After a three-day meeting in Strasbourg, the member states of the European Commission once again called on Turkey to release the imprisoned Kurdish opposition politician Serahatin Demirtas. Although the European Court of Human Rights ordered his release, He was also detained in prison.

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