President Emmanuel Macron lost his majority in France’s National Assembly after the left-wing green opposition coalition excelled in Sunday’s legislative elections and a late surge from the far right.
France’s unresolved parliament means Macron will need to strike deals with other parties in parliament to pass legislation over the next five years, while his ministers face turbulent parliamentary debates.
Final results from the Home Office on Monday showed that MacronThe centrist Ensemble (Together) coalition won 245 seats in parliament, well short of the 289 needed to secure an absolute majority since 2017.
Left Green Alliance Formed by far-left politician Jean-Luc Mélenchon – The New Ecological and Social People’s Union (Nupes) – has the support of many young urban voters and is the main opposition bloc with 131 members in the 577-seat House.
Marine Le Pen’s Far Right Rassemblement National was a big surprise It won 89 seats, more than 10 times the 8 seats it won in the previous legislative election. Conservative Republicans and their partners won 74 seats.
Macron Prime Minister Elizabeth Bohn, said in a post-election speech that the situation was “unprecedented” and represented “a risk to the nation”. Finance Minister Bruno Le Maire admitted the results were “disappointing” and said the government had to be “imaginative” to implement the next round of reforms.
Borne vowed that the government will start work on Monday to build a majority in the National Assembly that can do business, including pursuing Macron’s goal of full employment and an “ambitious ecological transition” to combat climate change by investing in renewable energy.
Melenchon tells cheering supporters that Macron has suffered a ‘total defeat’, his coalition is the new face of France France“The Rise of Uprisings and Revolutions”.
Le Pen’s Eurosceptic and anti-immigration party president Jordan Valdera said the RN had made a “historic breakthrough”, while a smiling Le Pen said French people concerned about immigration, crime and injustice would have a powerful group to defend their interests. parliament.
Mélenchon’s Nupes – which includes the French Socialist, Communist and Green parties, as well as his own far-left, La France Insoumise (France Unbowed) – are conventionally expected to serve on parliament’s key finance committee after replacing Les Républicains as chief finance committee chair the chairman objected.
But the far-right RN, the largest single opposition party, also claimed the right to the post on Monday.
Still, Macron’s ensemble has won more seats than any other party, making his “cohabitation” with the rival parliamentary majority imposed on the government and prime minister in vain.
As president of the Fifth Republic established under Charles de Gaulle in 1958, Macron also retained control over defense and foreign policy.
However, Macron and Born will need a joint or tentative agreement with other parties – most likely the conservative LR – to pass the law. That includes the next round of economic reforms, including the president’s plan to simplify the expensive pension system and raise the official retirement age from 62 to 65 — a proposal that has been fiercely opposed by the left and questioned by major unions.
LR secretary-general Aurélien Pradié accused Macron of a possible “noisy” situation in parliament, but said on Franceinfo radio that his party would vote for or against the government on a case-by-case basis.
In April, Macron defeated Marine Le Pen in the final round of the presidential election, becoming the first sitting president in 20 years to be re-elected. Now, he has also become the first person since 2002 to fail to secure a majority in the National Assembly after his own election.
The left has taken several scalps from Macron’s team, with the Nupes candidate defeating former interior minister Christophe Castaner, who was the head of Macron’s party in parliament, as well as Outgoing Chairman Richard Ferrand.
Some of Macron’s ministers will also lose their jobs under his rule, meaning that the running and unsuccessful ministers must step down.
In northern France, Health Minister Brigitte Bourguignon lost by 56 votes to a far-right candidate, while in Essonne, south of Paris, Environment Minister Amélie de Montchalin ) lost to the left. In a constituency on the Caribbean island of Guadeloupe, Justin Benin, the junior minister in charge of maritime affairs, has been beaten by his left-wing opponents.