Disaster Day: What Happened in Palestine in 1948? | Israeli-Palestinian conflict news

Every year on May 15, Palestinians around the world commemorate the Nakba, or disaster, a reference to the ethnic cleansing of Palestine in 1948.

A Jewish state was established in Palestine on May 14, 1948, with the support of the British government. UK hosting When the period expired, the Zionist forces announced the establishment of the State of Israel, triggering the first Arab-Israeli war.

The Zionist army expelled at least 750,000 Palestinians from their homes and lands and occupied 78 percent of historic Palestine. The remaining 22 percent is divided between the now occupied West Bank and the besieged Gaza Strip.

Fighting continued until January 1949, when Israel reached an armistice with Egypt, Lebanon, Jordan and Syria. The 1949 Armistice Line, also known as the Green Line, is the recognized border between Israel and the West Bank. The Green Line was also known as the (former) 1967 border until Israel occupied the rest of Palestine during the June 1967 war.

Iseral’s military occupation The question of Palestine remains at the heart of the decades-long conflict that continues to affect every aspect of Palestinian life.

Mapping Palestinian villages destroyed by Israel

Between 1947 and 1949, Zionist troops attacked major Palestinian cities, destroying some 530 villages. Some 15,000 Palestinians were killed in a series of mass atrocities, including dozens of massacres.

On April 9, 1948, the Zionist army carried out one of the most notorious massacres of the war in the village of 1999. Deir Yassin in the western suburbs of Jerusalem. More than 110 men, women and children were killed by Zionist militias from the former Israeli state of Irgun and Stern Gang.

Interactive map charting Palestinian villages destroyed by Israel infographic

Palestinian researcher Salman Absita In his book, he details what happened in these 530 villages – Atlas of Palestine. Al Jazeera digitizes these recordings in the interactive visualization below:

Where are the Palestinian refugees today?

There are some Six million Registered Palestine refugees living in at least 58 camps throughout Palestine and surrounding countries.

The largest camps include: Yarmouk in Syria, Ein El Hilweh in Lebanon, Jabaliyah in Gaza, Baka in Jordan and the Jenin camp in the occupied West Bank.

More than 70% of Gaza’s residents are refugees. Some 1.5 million refugees live in eight camps around the Gaza Strip.

according to international law, refugees have the right to return to their displaced homes and properties. Many Palestinians still have hope of returning to Palestine.

The plight of Palestine refugees is the longest unresolved refugee issue in the world.

Interactive Where Are Palestine Refugees Today - Infographic
(Al Jazeera)

Palestinian life under occupation

The impact of Israel’s military control on the Palestinian people every aspect their lives, what services they can get, where they can travel, who they can marry, where they can live.

Leading international NGO Human Rights Watch (HRW) said Israel “is committing crimes against humanity of apartheid and persecution of Palestinians”.

in a damn investigationHuman Rights Watch has documented a series of abuses by Israel, including widespread confiscation of Palestinian land and property, unlawful killings, forcible transfers, severe movement restrictions, administrative detention, and the denial of Palestinian citizenship.

Interactive What Is the Israeli Occupation Infographic
(Al Jazeera)

Every year, Israel demolishes hundreds of Palestinian homes.according to compiled data OCHA Between 2009 and 2022, at least 8,413 Palestinian-owned buildings were demolished by the Israeli army and at least 12,491 people were displaced.

Forced displacement violates international law. The majority (79%) of these buildings are located in Area C of the occupied West Bank controlled by Israel. Twenty percent of these buildings are located in occupied East Jerusalem.

Israel also holds some 4,450 Palestinians – including 160 children, 32 women and 530 administrative detainees – in prison.

Every year on April 17th, Palestinian Prisoner’s Day Commemorating the plight of those held in Israeli prisons and their struggle for freedom against Israeli occupation.

Israeli settlement growth

Israel settlement A heavily guarded Jewish community built illegally on Palestinian land.

Some 750,000 Israeli settlers live in at least 250 illegal settlements in the occupied West Bank and occupied East Jerusalem. Israeli settlements are illegal under international law.

Interactive What are Israeli settlements

Settler attacks on Palestinians and their property frequently occur in the occupied West Bank and occupied East Jerusalem, home to some 3 million Palestinians.

The Israeli government publicly funded and built settlements inhabited by Israeli Jews, providing incentives and subsidized housing. This means that the Israeli settler population in the occupied West Bank and occupied East Jerusalem is growing faster than the Israeli population in Israel.

Four deadly attacks on Gaza

this Gaza Strip It has been under Israel’s air and sea blockade since 2007. Since 2008, Israel has waged four wars in Palestinian territory, killing more than 4,000 people.

The Gaza Strip, which borders Israel and Egypt on the Mediterranean coast, is about 365 square kilometers (141 square miles), similar in size to Cape Town, Detroit or Lucknow. It is one of the most densely populated areas in the world and has been described as “the largest open-air prison in the world” due to the ongoing Israeli occupation.

in its most recent bombardment From May 10 to May 21, 2021, the Israeli army killed 261 people in the Gaza Strip, including 67 childrenaccording to the United Nations, more than 2,200 people were injured.

For Palestinians, the cataclysm is not a historical event, but an ongoing process of displacement that never stops.

Interactive Gaza 2021 War

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