United Nations (Associated Press)-On Thursday, the United Nations Security Council extended the arms embargo against the Central African Republic for a year, despite China’s call for it to be lifted, saying the government has not met United Nations benchmarks, including ensuring protection and control of all weapons.
The council passed the resolution by 14 votes to 0, and China abstained. The resolution also expanded targeted sanctions on individuals and companies.
U.S. Deputy Ambassador Richard Mills welcomed the extension of the arms embargo, travel ban and asset freeze, saying that these measures are “critical to the promotion of peace and security in the Central African Republic.” He emphasized that in this country known as the Central African Republic, “there is no military means to resolve this crisis.”
The mineral-rich Central African Republic has been facing deadly inter-religious and inter-community fighting since 2013, when it was mainly Muslim Selaka insurgents who expelled then-President François Bozize, sparking a predominantly Christian The militia’s revenge.
The government and 14 rebel groups signed a peace agreement in February 2019. But after the Constitutional Court rejected Bozize’s presidential campaign in December, the rebels associated with him tried to block the election and then tried to seize power from President Faustin Arsanci, Tuvadra who won the second term.
The French ambassador to the United Nations, Nicolas De Riviere, is a sponsor of the resolution. He told reporters after the vote, “In the context of the deteriorating Central African Republic, violence and violations of human rights and violations of international humanitarianism The law’s behavior is very worrying, and this is especially important.”
“The proliferation of weapons is clearly part of the problem, and the control of weapons is still a major issue of national security,” he said.
But Dai Bing, China’s deputy ambassador to the United Nations, strongly opposed, saying that since the successful election in December last year, “the country’s security situation has continued to improve.”
He said that when the Council imposed an arms embargo on the Central African Republic in December 2013, its purpose was to help restore order.
But “in fact, the arms embargo has become an obstacle to the Central African Republic’s government’s efforts to strengthen its security capabilities,” Dai said.
The resolution stated that the authorities of the Central African Republic, the International Conference on the Great Lakes Region and the Economic Community of Central African States also support the lifting of the arms embargo.
It also pointed out that the Security Council’s committee overseeing sanctions against the Central African Republic has approved the arms embargo exemptions required by the authorities of the Central African Republic-France’s Drivier emphasized this point, saying that these exemptions are essential for equipping and training them. The army is very important.
“The ultimate goal is indeed to lift the embargo on Central African troops: this is why the Security Council has set benchmarks to match the progress of the Central African Republic,” he said.
Russian Deputy UN Ambassador Dmitry Poliansky urged the Central African Republic to reach the benchmark so that the council can consider lifting the arms embargo next year.
Dai Bingguo reiterated, “The Security Council should comprehensively lift sanctions on the Central African Republic as soon as possible in light of changes in the situation.”
The resolution extended the arms embargo until July 31, 2022, and reiterated that the Security Council is prepared to review the arms embargo. It also extended the mandate of the panel of experts to monitor the implementation of all sanctions until August 31, 2022.
Last month, the group accused the Russian military instructors and the Central African Republic army that they supported for “excessive use of force, indiscriminate killings, occupation of schools, and large-scale robbery.”
In a 40-page report obtained by the Associated Press, the team stated that it collected “testimony” from a large number of local officials, government troops and internal security forces, and community-level sources in various parts of the country. , They reported that “Russian instructors are actively participating in ground operations.”
The team said that many officials and other sources reported that Russian instructors “frequently lead rather than follow” the Central African Republic’s army, pushing to different towns and villages to counterattack the rebels associated with Bozize.
Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov categorically denied that these allegations were “another lie”, stating that “Russian military advisers cannot participate, nor did they participate in any killing or robbery.”