At least 440,500 people were displaced last year, five times the number in 2020, according to the United Nations.
Violence in western Sudan this month alone has displaced more than 84,000 people, double the number who have been evicted from their homes so far this year, according to the United Nations.
This is the highest number since January 2021. At least 440,500 people were displaced last year, five times the number in 2020, according to UN figures.
Aid workers fear a displacement crisis similar to the one triggered by the conflict in Darfur in the early 2000s.
Violence in Darfur escalated after 2003, as the Sudanese government enlisted the help of Arab tribal militias commonly known as the Janjaweed (later formally known as the People’s Defence Forces) to quell the majority of African farmers. rebels, they feel they have been treated unfairly by Khartoum.
At least 2.5 million people have been displaced and 300,000 people have been killed in violence. The government denies arming and supporting the Janjaweed and using them against tribal rebels.
The peacekeeping force mandated by the 2020 peace deal has not yet been widely deployed. Finance minister and rebel leader Jibril Ibrahim said it had been difficult to raise funds to implement the deal.
Including June Violence fighting in the Kulbus region In Western Darfur, 125 people were killed and 50,000 displaced when Arab militias attacked villages belonging to the Jimir tribe.
“Before we completed our response to one emergency or major attack, two others had occurred,” said Wilkat of the Norwegian Refugee Council. “So far, nothing has prevented this from becoming a new mass displacement emergency. “
In southern Kordofan state, another birthplace of a long-running civil war, this month between the Hawazma and Kenana tribes of Abu Jubayhah, the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs said. More than 4,000 homes were burned, 19 killed and 15,150 displaced.
In a statement on Wednesday, Human Rights Watch said Sudan’s transitional government and military rulers, which seized power in October, failed to provide adequate protection after the departure of international peacekeepers in 2021 and failed to address the root causes of the conflict, including land and resource disputes.
General Mohammad Hamdan Dagalo, whose Rapid Support Force emerged from the Janjaweed and the deputy leader of Sudan’s ruling council, visited West Darfur this week to call for an end to the fighting and pledged Donate medical and educational facilities.
Such attacks come as the country remains mired in a broader crisis beyond October military coupThe takeover upended Sudan’s transition to democracy after a popular uprising forced longtime president Omar al-Bashir to step down in April 2019.
The violence has raised questions about the ability of Sudan’s military leaders to bring security to Darfur.
In 2020, the UN Security Council ended its peacekeeping mission there. Amid a surge in tribal violence, local aid workers are now calling on the United Nations to redeploy peacekeepers to the area.
Bashir, who has been serving time in a Khartoum prison since his overthrow in 2019, was indicted by the International Criminal Court more than a decade ago for genocide and crimes against humanity in Darfur.