Can birth control pills affect your mood?Scientists can’t agree

Earlier this month, some surprising findings new research presented at a meeting. At the virtual European Congress of Psychiatry, Elena Toffol and her team at the University of Helsinki in Finland reported that they found that women who used hormonal contraception had lower rates of suicide attempts compared with women who did not. In fact, the latter were nearly 40 percent more likely to attempt suicide than the former, they report.

These findings (not yet peer-reviewed) may be the opposite of what you’ve heard or experienced: Isn’t hormonal contraception known for exacerbating mental illness? Your confusion will be forgiven.perhaps you remember headline News Starting in 2017, when Danish Studies found that hormonal contraception is associated with Increase Attempting suicide.

This huge contradiction is just one of many studies over the years trying to answer the question of whether hormonal contraception causes psychological side effects — and the jury is still out. September 2016, New York Times published a article Titled “Contraceptives Associated with Depression Risk.”Six months later, the same publication published an article headline News “Birth control causes depression? Not so fast.”

Oral contraceptives, first marketed more than 60 years ago, are hugely popular. over 100 million It is estimated that women worldwide are current users. The pill is known to come in two forms: a progestin-only version and a combined estrogen and progestin version. Both contain synthetic hormones designed to stop or reduce ovulation — the release of an egg from the ovary.

But the decision to use hormonal contraception is not always motivated by a desire to remain not pregnant. The name is a misnomer. A more appropriate name would be “hormonal drug, usually used as a birth control pill”. Hormonal contraceptives work for a veritable hodgepodge of migraines, cystic acne, chronic menstrual pain, polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and endometriosis.

Concerns about the psychological side effects of birth control pills have become a growing trend in recent years: widespread distrust of hormonal contraceptives and wariness of their downsides as the satisfaction of a hard-won victory for women’s self-determination has faded .One flustered of books Over the past decade, questions have been published about how hormonal birth control negatively affects its users.Most of the attention was on mood changes, which were reported to be first reason Women choose to stop taking birth control pills.

But we don’t yet have a clear answer as to whether the link between birth control pills and emotions is real. The biggest problem is that most studies to date have been cross-sectional in design, meaning they involve comparing a group of women who are using the pill with a group of women who are not.”This doesn’t take into account that women who have tried the pill and have had a negative emotional impact or negative impact on their sexuality will get rid of it,” said Cynthia Graham, professor and editor of sexual and reproductive health at the University of Southampton. Journal of Sex Research“For me, that’s a big reason why it’s hard to answer this question.” This is called survival bias or healthy user bias.

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