As U.S. troops leave Afghanistan, China woos the Taliban

ChinaMinister of Foreign Affairs presides over high-level meeting Taliban The delegation stated on Wednesday, BeijingInfluence bid Afghanistan As the US and other foreign troops withdrew, Islamic radicals seized large tracts of territory from the US-backed Kabul government.

At the same time, the Secretary of State Anthony winked Swear not to give up Afghanistan. he Visiting India Wednesday as part of the Biden administration’s efforts to unite large-scale South Asian democracy as an ally against communism ChinaExpanding geopolitical influence in the region.

“Even if we start from Afghanistan NATO and other countries withdraw troops, we are still very involved Afghanistan,” gentlemen. flash Told reporters in New Delhi that a key site his A trip to the capitals of Asia and the Middle East. “We not only have a strong embassy there, but also important plans to continue to support Afghanistan Economically, through development assistance, through security assistance. “

These comments are in sharp contrast to what happened thousands of miles away. ChinaChinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi hosted a banquet for nine people in the northern city of Tianjin Taliban represent.

China In a statement after the meeting, Mr. Wang assured the group that Beijing Believe Taliban Will “play an important role in the process of peace, reconciliation and reconstruction” Afghanistan. ” This Taliban After being expelled by the US-led invasion, launched an anti-government rebellion for nearly two years Afghanistan Shortly after September 11, 2001, the terrorist attack.

One notable turning point is that Mr. Wang expressed hope Taliban Will fight the East Turkistan Islamic Movement (ETIM).He called the organization “right ChinaNational security,” according to Reuters.

Beijing Describes ETIM as a Muslim extremist and separatist group, active in ChinaThe Xinjiang region, whose remote corners share a short border with the finger-shaped geographic enclave in the northeast Afghanistan.

Mr. Wang is with Taliban -It is a radical Islamic organization in itself-has attracted people’s attention in Washington.

The Biden administration blames Beijing Severely suppress the Muslim groups in Xinjiang and carry out “genocide” against local ethnic minorities. The move that angered Chinese officials last year was that the Trump administration removed ETIM from the State Department’s terrorism list.

The Chinese propaganda on Wednesday was more extensive.It criticizes U.S. policy Afghanistan As “failure” and assert China Prepare to intervene and successfully mediate Taliban And the Kabul government. China Also looks at major economic gains Afghanistan, It can become a key land link for President Xi Jinping’s ambitious “One Belt, One Road” development plan.

Chinese analysts believe that the U.S. military retreats Afghanistan As an obvious strategic failure, on par with the Soviet retreat in the late 1980s, this is the first time Taliban regime.

“The U.S. and NATO forces withdrew hastily Afghanistan Marks the failure of U.S. policy AfghanistanThis is an opportunity for the Afghan people to stabilize and develop their country,” said an article published in the “Global Times” closely related to the ruling Communist Party. Beijing.

China Can play a better role as a mediator between the Afghan government and the Afghan government Taliban The article emphasized that the Taliban delegation to China reiterated its “previous commitment to never allow any use of force to enter, and the two parties’ peace talks may be deadlocked for a long time”. Use Afghan territory to harm China. “

Strengthen China’s diplomacy coming After President Biden decided that the United States would withdraw its troops from Afghanistan. This move triggered a geopolitical battle among regional powers, including China, Russia, Iran, India, Pakistan, and Turkey-all these countries are ready to try to benefit from a strategic vacuum.

Afghanistan was the core trophy of the 19th century “Great Game” empire war. Some say it looks like it will replay this role in the next few years.

China has been taking the most subtle measures. In June, it signed a 25-year strategic partnership with Iran, which borders Afghanistan in the west, and has provided billions of dollars in infrastructure loans to Pakistan, which borders Afghanistan in the south and east, over the past decade.

“No one is paying attention to China’s plans for Afghanistan,” Hussein Haqqani, the former Pakistani ambassador to the United States and head of the Hudson Institute’s South and Central Asia program, told the Washington Times recently.

“For some time, Chinese mining companies have been wandering around Kabul to obtain mining contracts,” Mr. Haqqani said.

It remains to be seen to what extent the Taliban’s coming to power in Kabul will enhance Beijing’s ambitions.

The Taliban leadership seems to be weighing its options. In the past month, delegates have also visited Russia, Iran, and Turkmenistan, and this militant group has expanded its control of strategic territories in Afghanistan.

Derek Grossman, a senior defense analyst at the RAND Corporation, said that the U.S. withdrawal is removing “the biggest obstacle to the full Taliban takeover of the country.”

Concerns about possible refugee crises and humanitarian disasters are increasing. “The prospect of the re-rule of the Taliban has caused great anxiety among the major powers in the region,” Mr. Grossman wrote in a recent commentary published by Foreign Policy.

He said that in early July, Indian Minister of Foreign Affairs S. Jaishankar “visited Moscow and Tehran when Taliban representatives were in each city, which raised questions about whether secret channel negotiations are ongoing.”

Mr. Jaishankar met with Mr. Blinken in India on Wednesday and repeated it to reporters IndiaThe long-standing position is that “Afghanistan can neither become a home for terrorism nor a source of refugees.

“All parties must take peace negotiations seriously,” the Indian minister said. “Any party unilaterally imposing a will is obviously undemocratic and will never lead to stability, and such efforts will indeed fail to gain legitimacy.”

gentlemen. Deshankar Said: “The achievements of Afghan civil society in the past two decades, especially in terms of women, ethnic minorities and social freedom, are self-evident.”

“We must work together to protect them,” he said.

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