Since the blockade last year, China’s carbon dioxide emissions have fallen for the first time. This is the latest sign that the downturn in the real estate industry and energy shortages have hit industrial demand in the world’s second largest economy.
According to data released by Carbon Brief, a climate research and news service, emissions fell by about 0.5% in the three months to the end of September.
“reason [for the decline] Lauri Myllyvirta, an analyst at the Center for Energy and Clean Air Research, an independent research institute, said: Headquartered in Helsinki.
However, Myllyvirta also believes that the recent decline in emissions from the world’s largest polluter “may mark a turning point and an early peak in China’s emissions”-as early as a few years ago. Beijing 2030 goals.
Due to Chinese factories, construction and heavy industry, emissions in the third quarter of this year saw the largest increase in a decade Roar back to life Last year, riding a wave of stimulus spending from the pandemic.
At the beginning of 2020, China’s industrial activities were stopped due to the first coronavirus crisis in Wuhan, resulting in a significant drop in emissions.
China’s real estate industry, which is estimated to account for more than one-third of overall economic activity, has been hit by the liquidity crisis.A group of debt-laden developers-including Evergrande Carrying 300 billion U.S. dollars in debt-on the verge of faltering The verge of bankruptcy, Triggering concerns about systemic risks and economic contagion.
Beijing is relaxing credit controls to prevent the industry from collapsing. Despite this, there are few signs that such measures will stimulate the continued recovery of industries such as steel and cement. Carbon Brief data also shows that the downward trend will only become steeper in the last quarter.
Emissions trends also reflect China’s Coal consumption decline With commodity prices hitting record highs and supply shortages.
Severe energy shortage Leading to the implementation of power rationing in parts of the country, including the Northeast Industrial Zone and the high-tech manufacturing base in the South.
“One thing to note is whether those industries where demand is still strong will increase production to make up for the lost time once power rationing is relaxed,” Myllyvirta said.
The country’s per capita emissions are about half that of the United States. But as a factory that accounts for about 30% of global greenhouse gas emissions, Beijing’s emission reduction plan is seen as crucial in winning the fight against climate change.
The data is published as International debate is fierce China’s role in tackling climate change. President Xi Jinping has set a goal of achieving carbon neutrality by 2060. The task is arduous, and fossil fuels account for 85% of the country’s energy structure.
At the UN COP26 summit in Glasgow this month, both China and India were severely criticized for weakening efforts to end coal power and fossil fuel subsidies. Critics, including the US government, are urging Beijing to speed up its actions.