this Pentagon Officials said on Monday that they will invest heavily in military construction in the Pacific region while updating existing facilities in Guam and Australia. American armiesEfforts are being made to re-adjust equipment and personnel to respond to increasing threats China.
On Monday afternoon, defense officials set out general principles in a speech to reporters. Biden Administration“Global Situation Assessment” or GPR, which represents American armies Global assets and a rough road map of where these assets should be located in the 21st century.The file itself is classified and Pentagon Officials provided few details about specific measures in the future.
However, defense officials made it clear that GPR has strengthened the overall strategic requirements, that is, resources need to be transferred from the Middle East and other places to the Pacific, where aggressiveness is becoming increasingly stronger. China Its well-funded People’s Liberation Army poses a new threat to stability. That broad “fulcrum” China Is the policy priority of former President Barack Obama, Donald Trump And continued by the president in many ways Biden.
But this shift has repeatedly been frustrated by the need to resolve immediate crises elsewhere, whether it is Crimea, Iranian and Libyan Russians in the Middle East, or Islamic State and other jihadist groups in Africa. gentlemen. Biden And Secretary of Defense Lloyd Austin may face similar competitive priorities when seeking to implement this transition.
“The priority area of the global situation assessment is the Indo-Pacific region. The global situation assessment guides more cooperation with allies and partners in the region to promote measures that help regional stability and prevent potential military aggression. China And threats from North Korea,” Mara Karlin, the deputy defense secretary in charge of policy, told reporters at the White House on Monday afternoon. Pentagon“These initiatives include seeking greater regional access for military cooperation activities, strengthening infrastructure in Australia and the Pacific Islands, and planning to deploy rotating aircraft in Australia,” Mr. Austin announced earlier this year.
Officials said that many of the changes envisaged in the GPR are still being negotiated with US allies, and the details will not be made public. Unusually, the posture review itself will not be released.
Ms. Karin stated that there are other specific plans in progress, all of which emphasize PentagonRealize that it needs to have more assets in the Pacific to deal with any potential military actions by Beijing, such as the invasion of Taiwan or other nearby islands.
“You will see ground force training and increased logistical cooperation, which is actually more extensive throughout the Indo-Pacific region. In Guam, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands and Australia, you will see a series of infrastructure improvements,” she said. “These will include broader content, such as logistics facilities, fuel storage, ammunition storage, and airport upgrades.”
Escalation of tensions
U.S. defense officials emphasized that Biden Administration Still seeks to be led by diplomacy and believes that China As a last resort. A key part of the president’s diplomatic activities will be next month’s “Democratic Countries Summit,” a virtual forum for democratic countries aimed at countering authoritarian regimes such as the Chinese Communist Party.
The United States invited Taiwan to the summit, angering Chinese leaders, who said Washington is actually increasing tensions and increasing the possibility of war.
“This year marks the 30th anniversary of the end of the Cold War. The United States hosting a democracy summit is a dangerous move to reignite the Cold War mentality, and the international community should be highly vigilant,” Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesperson Wang Wenbin told reporters on Monday. “We call on people of insight from all walks of life to jointly resist anti-democratic and pseudo-democratic practices, maintain international solidarity and cooperation, and promote world peace and development.”
Although many specific details in the future American armies Although investments in Asia remain classified, officials emphasized that regular military exercises with Pacific allies are still a core component of US strategy. Officials specifically mentioned the naval movement in the Pacific with Japanese and British ships in October. Such exercises are usually called “freedom of navigation” exercises, and their explicit purpose is to counter China’s claims of sovereignty over strategically important parts of the South China Sea.
“This is the kind of activity we want to focus on in the Indo-Pacific region,” a senior defense official told reporters on a conference call earlier on Monday.
In Europe, officials have provided few details about the future American armies Except that confronting Russia is still the primary goal.
for Pentagon, More and more attention China Will pay the price. Officials made it clear that, by definition, investing in and mobilizing troops and resources in the Pacific would mean reducing the US footprint elsewhere.
“The instructions from GPR will strengthen the department’s China By reducing the posture requirements of other theaters, we can improve operations, readiness and increase activities in the Pacific region,” the senior defense official said.
this American armies Withdrawal from Afghanistan was first proposed by Mr. trump card And continue by Mr. Biden, Is the main example of the United States seeking to clean up the Middle East deck to focus on the Pacific.this Biden Administration Also reduced American armies Although there are still thousands of soldiers staying in Iraq to advise the Iraqi army in combating the Islamic State terrorist organization.
Biden Administration Officials argued that they spent a lot of time in their first year in power to make up for the damage done by Trump. trump card, Including what they say is that there are few widely coordinated military decisions within the government that directly affect European security.
gentlemen. trump card Also clashed with Asian allies such as South Korea and Japan his They are required to pay more for the US troops and bases stationed in their country to help them resist threats.
The official said: “We seek to re-establish a strategy-based, coherent, and stance decision-making process, and restore healthy military-civilian relations in the sector.” “On many occasions. Previous government, Making or announcing situational decisions without due consideration of global trade-offs, strategic risks, inter-agency coordination, and the impact on allies and partners. “
The defense official specifically cited the major reorganization announced in the Trump era American armies The focus of the European military is to transfer thousands of American troops from Germany to other places. This decision is regarded by many as the expression of Mr. trump cardThe anger at the German Chancellor Angela Merkel and the low total defense spending in Germany was eventually reversed by Mr. Trump. Biden.